Advancing Indoor Growing with Fertigation: A Key to Efficiency and Sustainability


In recent years, indoor growing has gained immense popularity among growers seeking to enhance crop control and minimize costs. As growers increasingly seek ways to automate their processes, fertigation has become a crucial aspect of indoor growing. In this article, we explore the insights shared in an interview with Frank Toves, an irrigation design and construction (AvidWater) expert, who sheds light on setting up a successful fertigation process for indoor growing.

Fertigation Defined

Fertigation adds nutrients to irrigation water, enabling growers to nourish their crops effectively. It can be achieved through proportion-based EC or pH control, providing a controlled feed throughout the irrigation cycle or sets.

Automation and Resistance

While fertigation and automation offer multiple advantages, some growers still prefer manual processes. Strawberry growers, for instance, may use a manual valve and a pump to introduce fertilizers. Nevertheless, as labor costs escalate, more growers are embracing fertigation and automation to increase efficiency and optimize crop yield.

Attractive Aspects of Fertigation

The attractiveness of fertigation lies in its ability to tackle various challenges growers face. The dwindling availability of fumigants like methyl bromide prompted a shift towards substrate growing. Additionally, labor issues, including reduced working hours and increasing costs, necessitate the adoption of efficient irrigation practices like fertigation.

Requirements for Implementing Fertigation

For those entering the world of fertigation, understanding existing irrigation practices is a crucial first step. Most growers are already involved in some form of fertigation. The next decision consists of the level of automation they wish to achieve, ranging from simple Dosatron systems to complete pump-based injection setups with monitoring and control capabilities.

The Rising Trend of Fertigation in Indoor Growing

Fertigation, a combination of “fertilization” and “irrigation,” involves adding nutrients to irrigation water, creating a nutrient-rich solution that feeds the plants as they are watered. This process is gaining traction in indoor growing because it can automate and optimize nutrient delivery, reducing labor costs while enhancing crop yield and quality.

Frank emphasizes that indoor growers increasingly turn to fertigation and automation as the first steps to streamline their operations and reduce costs. The rising trend can be attributed to several factors, including the transition of fresh berry growers to alternative forms of growing and the booming cannabis industry, which led to a surge in indoor growing facilities.

Advantages of Fertigation in Indoor Growing

Fertigation offers several advantages, making it an attractive option for indoor growers. Frank highlights that fertigation allows for a more precise nutrient application tailored to each plant’s needs, resulting in healthier and more vigorous growth. Furthermore, the system’s ability to automate nutrient delivery saves significant labor costs and ensures consistent crop quality.

Overcoming Challenges and Implementing Fertigation Systems

While fertigation offers numerous benefits, implementing such systems can be complex and requires careful planning. Frank advises growers to consider facility location, labor force availability, and regulatory compliance. Training employees to manage the technology is crucial, and backup personnel should be available to avoid disruptions in case of turnover.

The Cost and Return on Investment (ROI)

The cost of implementing fertigation systems can vary widely depending on the facility’s size, technology, and automation level. Frank explains that fertigation systems can range from a few thousand dollars for basic units to millions for fully automated setups. However, the ROI is generally favorable due to reduced labor costs, improved crop quality, and precise nutrient management.

Water Conservation and Sustainability

Water conservation is a significant concern for indoor growers using fertigation. To address this, efficient fertigation systems aim to minimize water usage while delivering optimal plant nutrient levels. Many growers invest in water treatment solutions to recycle and reuse nutrient-rich water, contributing to overall sustainability.

The Future of Fertigation in Indoor Growing

Frank predicts a shift toward autonomous growing, where growers rely on advanced technology to minimize human intervention in the growing process. While autonomous systems may not be suitable for every crop, controlled environment agriculture (CEA) is likely to gain momentum, especially in the cultivation of leafy greens and other specialty crops.


Fertigation is revolutionizing indoor growing, giving growers more control over crop quality, minimizing labor costs, and optimizing resource usage. As the demand for indoor-grown crops continues to rise, adopting fertigation systems becomes essential for growers aiming to stay competitive and embrace sustainable practices. By partnering with reputable irrigation and fertigation experts, growers can navigate the complexities and ensure the successful implementation of these advanced technologies in their operations.


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